Journal of Philosophy of Life

An international peer-reviewed open access journal dedicated to the philosophy of life, death, and nature, supported by the Project of Philosophy and Contemporary Society, Advanced Research Center for Human Sciences, Waseda University


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Human Freedom and Free Will
: Necessary Illusions

Ben G. Yacobi

Journal of Philosophy of Life Vol.10, No.3 (December 2020):164-170




No absolute or complete freedom and free will exist, as they are constrained by both internal and external factors, such as the limits of human physiology and cognition, the physical laws, and the limitations imposed on human life by society and culture. Nevertheless, the concepts of freedom and free will are necessary for humans not only for having some purpose and meaning in life, but also because without them human life would be an unbearable ordeal.

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