Journal of Philosophy of Life

An international peer-reviewed open access journal dedicated to the philosophy of life, death, and nature, supported by the Research Institute for Contemporary Philosophy of Life, Osaka Prefecture University


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[Discussion Paper]

How Should We Think About “Enhancement”?
: Beyond the Proponents vs. Opponents Scheme

Masahiro Inaga

Journal of Philosophy of Life Vol.1, No.2 (July 2011):59-73



This paper outlines a new scheme for bioethical arguments of “enhancement” by introducing the concept of “form of life.” Many authors have argued about the morality of enhancement technologies, but their conflict seems unsolvable because there is no common ground to discuss the morality of enhancement as long as they adhere to their approval or disapproval. This paper proposes the concept of form of life as a common ground, and then studies that concept in two parts: reflection on our desire, and philosophical investigation of some forms of life.

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